Indirect Speech – Change In Pronoun – Rules To convert a direct speech into Indirect Speech, the pronoun (subject or object) a sentence is changed. Here is a simple example: Direct Speech:     He said, “ I like music”. Indirect Speech:  He said that he liked music. In the above example, the pronoun (I) […]

Indirect Speech for Imperative & Exclamatory Sentences Indirect Speech for Indirect Speech for Imperative: A sentence that expresses a command, a request, an advice or a suggestion is called an imperative sentence. Here are some examples: Open the door.                           (command) Please help me.                          (request) Quit smoking.                             (advice) Don’t make a noise.  […]

Indirect Speech for Modals Indirect Speech for Modals, e.g. MUST, MAY, CAN, MIGHT, etc For converting direct speech into indirect speech, Present Modals (e.g. Must, Can, May) are changed into Past Modals (i.e. Could, Might, Had to). Read the following examples: Direct Speech Indirect Speech CAN changes into COULD He said, “I can sing […]

Direct & Indirect Speech – Rules for Interrogative Sentences The basic rules for converting Direct Speech (question sentences) into Indirect Speech are as follows: Examples are at the end. Comma and inverted commas will be removed. The conjunction “that” will not be used in Indirect Speech (in question sentence). The conjunction “that” is used […]

Indirect Speech for all Tenses – Rules DIRECT SPEECH CHANGES – INTO  INDIRECT SPEECH Present Simple Tense into Past Simple Tense Present Progressive Tense into Past Progressive Tense Present Perfect Tense into Past Perfect Tense Present Perfect Progressive Tense into Past Perfect Tense Past Simple Tense into Past Perfect Tense Past Progressive Tense into Perfect Continuous Tense Past Perfect Tense (The tense remains unchanged) Past […]