9th Class English Comprehension of Passages Notes

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9th Class English Comprehension of Passages Notes

COMPREHENSION OF PASSAGES

(i) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 

One day a wolf felt very hungry. He wandered here and there in search of food but he could not find anything to eat. At last he saw a flock of sheep grazing in a pasture. He wanted to eat one but they were guarded by a hound. The shepherd’s son was also tending the flock vigilantly. The wolf found himself helpless. At last he hit upon a plan. He hid himself in the skin of a sheep and safely went into the flock. The hound could not find out the wolf in disguise. He killed a sheep and ate it without being caught. In this way he ate up many sheep and their number began to fall every day. The shepherd was greatly worried but could not find out the thief.

QUESTIONS

  1. Why did the wolf wander about? 
  2. Did he find anything to eat? 
  3. Why was the wolf helpless? 
  4. How did he get into the flock? 
  5. Why was the shepherd worried? 
  6. Did he find out the thief?

ANSWERS

  1. The wolf was very hungry so he wandered about in search of food.
  2. No, he did not find anything to eat for sometime.
  3. The wolf was helpless because
    (i) The flock of sheep was guarded by a hound.
    (ii) The shepherd’s son was also tending the flock vigilantly.
  4. He hid in the skin of a sheep and safely went into the flock unchecked.
  5. The shepherd was worried because
    (i) The number of sheep began to fall every day.
    (ii) He could not find out the thief.
  6. No, he did not find out the thief.

(ii) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 

 On a hot summer day a fox felt very thirsty. He went about in search of water but could not find water. At last he reached a well. He peeped into it. Unfortunately, he slipped and fell into the well. A goat happened to pass by the well and looked into it. What are you doing here uncle? The cunning fox replied, “Dear niece! I am enjoying a swim down here. It is very pleasant, come down and enjoy yourself too.” The goat was also thirsty; she jumped into the well.

QUESTIONS

  1. What happened to the thirsty fox? 
  2. Who passed by the well just then? 
  3. What did the goat do? 
  4. What did the goat say to the fox? 
  5. What did the fox say in reply? 
  6. Why did the goat jump into the well?

ANSWERS

  1. The thirsty fox slipped and fell into a well.
  2.  A goat passed by the well just then.
  3. The goat looked into the well.
  4. The goat said to the fox, “What are you doing here uncle”?
  5. The fox said in reply, “Dear niece, I am enjoying a swim down here. It is very pleasant, come down and enjoy yourself too”.
  6. The goat jumped into thewell because (i) She was thirsty. 
    (ii) She was taken in by the cunning fox.

(iii) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 

Once a stag was drinking at a stream. He happened to see his reflection in the water. He was pleased to see his beautiful horns, but when he saw his thin legs he felt sad as he thought they were ugly. Suddenly he saw a pack of hounds at a distance. He ran as fast as his legs could help him. Soon he left the hounds far behind. He had to pass through a thick forest of bushes. His horns got caught in a bush. He tried hard to pull his horns out of it but all in vain. By now the hounds had come up. They fell upon him and tore him to pieces.

QUESTIONS

  1. What was the stag doing? 
  2. What did he see in the water? 
  3. Why was he pleased? 
  4. What made him sad? 
  5. Why did he run?
  6. 6. How did his legs help him?

ANSWERS

  1. The stag was drinking water at a stream.
  2. He saw his reflection in the water.
  3. He was pleased to see his beautiful horns.
  4. His thin and ugly legs made him sad.
  5. He ran to save his life from a pack of hounds at a distance.
  6. His legs helped him to run fast.

(iv) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 

King Robert Bruce ruled over Scotland. He had been defeated many times by the English. He ran for his life and hid himself in a cave. He had lost all hope to win. As he lay there, thinking if he should give up his struggle or not, he saw a spider trying to reach its cobweb in the ceiling of the cave. It fell down again and again but did not give up its effort. At last, the little insect reached its home in its ninth attempt. This gave courage to King Bruce. He made up his mind to fight and this time he won the battle.

QUESTIONS

  1. By whom had Robert Bruce been defeated many times?
  2. Where did he hide himself?
  3. What did he see in the cave?
  4. After how many attempts did the spider succeed?
  5. What lesson did King Bruce learn from the spider?

ANSWERS

  1. King Robert Bruce had been defeated by the English army many times.
  2. He hid himself in a cave.
  3. He saw a spider trying to reach its cobweb up in the ceiling of the cave.
  4. The spider succeeded after making nine attempts.
  5. King Bruce learnt the lesson, “Try, try again till you succeed.”

(v) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 

For three years, the master and all his relatives lived in this valley. Many of the Muslims too joined them. All supplies to the valley were cut off. The Makkans saw to it that no food or drink reached the Banu Hashim. The poor Banu Hashim had to live on the leaves and roots of trees and bushes. The condition of children was particularly pitiable. At last, some kind-hearted Makkans took pity on the Banu Hashim. They tore to pieces the agreement hanging in the Kabba. The hunger stricken Banu Hashim were thus able to come back to their homes.

QUESTIONS

  1. Who lived for three years in the valley?
  2. Who joined the master and his relatives?
  3. What did the Makkans do?
  4. How did the Banu Hashim live?
  5. What was the condition of the children?
  6. Who took pity on the Banu Hashim?

ANSWERS

  1. The master and all his relatives lived for three years in the valley.
  2. Many of the Muslims joined the master and his relatives.
  3. The Makkans cut off the supplies of food and drink to the Banu Hashim.
  4. The Banu Hashim lived on the leaves and roots of trees and bushes.
  5. The condition of the children was very pitiable.
  6. Some kind hearted Makkan leaders took pity on the Banu Hashim.

(vi) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.

 We see a kind of milk in tins. It is powdered milk. All the water in this milk has evaporated. When fresh milk stays in a dish for a little time, the thick part of the milk comes to the top. It is the cream of the milk. From this cream people make butter. If milk with the cream on it is made into powder, it is called Full Cream Milk Powder. When something floating is taken off the top of a liquid we say it is skimmed. When the cream is skimmed from the milk, the thin milk that stays is called ‘Skim Milk’. Skim milk is a good milk but it has no fat in it. It is not good for very young babies.

QUESTIONS

  1. Is the milk in tins powdered or liquid?
  2. What becomes of the water in the milk?
  3. What comes to the top of the fresh milk when it stays a little in a dish?
  4. What does the thick part of the milk has in it?
  5. What is cream?
  6. What do people make from cream? 

ANSWERS

  1. The milk in the tins is powdered.
  2. The water in the milk evaporates.
  3. The thick part of the milk comes to the top when it stays a little in a dish.
  4. The thick part of the milk has fat in it.
  5. Cream is the fat of the milk which comes to the top of it.
  6. People make butter from cream.

(vii) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.

Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed (RA) was extremely kind-hearted and just to the people. His army had strict orders not to do any harm to the farmers, aged persons, women, children and other civilians. “They are the real strength of society”, he said, “They should always be treated with kindness and respect”. This was something new for the conquered people, who felt very happy now. The Iranian and Byzantine officers were very hard on them. Harzar Khalid Bin Waleed’s (RA) treatment won their hearts so much that they began to hate their old masters.

QUESTIONS

  1. How did Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed (R.A.) treat the people?
  2. What were the orders given to the army?
  3. What did he say about the farmers and civilians?
  4. How had their former masters treated them?
  5. How did Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed (R.A.) win the hearts of the conquered people?
  6. Why did the people hate their old masters?

ANSWERS

  1. Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed (R.A.) was extremely kind-hearted and just to the people.
  2. He had ordered his army not to do any harm to the farmers, aged persons, women, children and other civilians.
  3. He said about the farmers and civilians, “They are the real strength of society. They should be treated with kindness and respect.”
  4. Their former masters, the Iranian and Byzantine officers, were very hard on them.
  5. Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed (R.A.) won the hearts of the conquered people with kindness.
  6. The people hated their old masters for their unkind treatment.

English 9th Class Comprehension of Passages Notes

(viii) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.

The age of steam has yielded place to the age of electricity. We have harnessed and introduced it into the service of man. The electric telegraph bears our message to and brings us news from all quarters of the world. Submarine cable does its own work all right. Who is not familiar with the electric bell? Who has not used telephone? Who is not enjoying electric light? Electric motors, wireless telegraphy, electric railways, electric modes of construction and destruction all attest to the great power of electricity. Electricity has developed modern industry and has created many industries. It has enabled man to conquer land, sea and air.

QUESTIONS

  1. Why do we call the present age the age of electricity? 
  2. Which age has yielded place to the age of electricity? 
  3. How do we send and receive messages? 
  4. State some important uses of electricity? 
  5. What do you think is the future of electricity? 

ANSWERS

  1. We call the present age the age of electricity as a lot of things are done with the help of electricity.
  2. The age of steam has yielded place to the age of electricity.
  3. We use telegraph, telephone and wireless to send and receive messages.
  4. Railways, factories, mills and communication work with the help of electricity.
  5. Electricity promises a bright future for mankind.

(ix) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.

A man is known by the company he keeps. A good student should avoid the company of those who keep playing all the time. Many students miss their classes and seldom do their homework because some other fellow students do the same. There are hardworking students also who work while others play. They enjoy the games of their choice because they know that playing games is essential for health. A sick student is not so quick in learning his lesson as a healthy one.

QUESTIONS

  1. What kind of company should a good student keep?
  2. Why do some students miss their classes?
  3. Why do good students enjoy good health?
  4. Why are games necessary for students?
  5. Where does the success of a student lie?

ANSWERS

  1. A good student should keep good company.
  2. Some students miss their classes because some other fellow students do the same.
  3. Good students enjoy good health because they work and play at proper time.
  4. Games are necessary for students because games keep them healthy and active.
  5. The success of a student lies in following a timetable of work and play.

(x) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.

Newspapers keep us constantly in touch with the whole of mankind. In olden days a man’s world consisted of his own village and one or two neighboring villages. It was difficult for him to know what was going on in other parts of the country. But today the press assisted by rapid means of communication brings us news from the farthest corners of the globe. The press is also responsible for educating public opinion. The laws of a nation are really shaped by its press. In fact, the public receives guidance from the newspapers. Thus their power in modern times is really great.

QUESTIONS

  1. What good do the newspapers do to us?
  2. Why in olden days man could not know what was going on in far off places?
  3. What is the responsibility of the press today?
  4. How are the laws of a country shaped nowadays?
  5. How are newspapers a source of public guidance?
  6. What is your opinion about the power of the press?

ANSWERS

  1. Newspapers keep us constantly in touch with the whole of mankind.
  2. In olden days man could not know what was going on in far off places for want of means of communication and newspapers.
  3. Today the press is responsible for educating public opinion.
  4. Newspapers play a great part in shaping the laws of a country.
  5. Newspapers are a source of public guidance because newspapers bring the public full information relating to all aspects of the society.
  6. Press has great power. It educates public opinion and shapes the laws of a country.

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