What is Adjective?
An adjective is a word which modifies (tells us more about) a noun or a pronoun.
Examples: hot tea, old man, beautiful girl, white shirt, intelligent student, interesting story, handsome boy, huge room.
In these examples the words “hot, old, white, white, intelligent, interesting, handsome, & huge” are adjectives because they modify (gives more information about) the attached nouns.
Adjectives modify the nouns by telling more about various aspects of nouns such as quantity, quality, size, color, and personal characteristics about the noun. A sentence can have one adjective as well as more than one adjective.
- A handsome boy won the competition. (one adjective)
- A handsome and intelligent boy won the competition. (two adjectives)
- A handsome, tall and intelligent boy won the competition. (three adjectives)
- A handsome, tall, smart and intelligent boy won the competition. (four adjectives)
- ‘Red, white, black, purple, green, yellow, and brown’ are some adjectives because they tells us about the colour of a noun.
- ‘Thin, fat, short, tall, beautiful, and ugly’ are some adjectives telling about the physical characteristics of the nouns or the pronouns.
- ‘Brave, intelligent, courageous, exuberant, diligent, and determined’ are some adjectives telling about personal trait of the nouns or the pronouns.
⇒ Using Adjectives in a Sentence
Adjectives are used at two places in the sentence on the basis the structure of the sentence.
- Before a Noun
- After some Stative Verbs
1⇒ Use of Adjectives before a Noun
- Adjectives are mostly used before a noun the sentences.
- He bought an expensive car.
- He gifted me a nice shirt.
- She gave me a red rose.
- He told us an interesting story.
- The fat man helped the boys.
- A beautiful girl is dancing in the room.
- They hired a huge building.
- He faced many complicated problems.
- He is running a small business.
- They gave us delicious food.
- He is suffering from severe fever.
2⇒ Use of Adjectives after a Verb (Stative Verbs)
An adjective is also used after a stative verb (seem, consist, is, have, feel, possess) or verbs used as a stative verb in the sentence.
Unlike a dynamic verb which expresses an action (e.g. eat, write, go), the stative verb is a verb that expresses a state of something (e.g. seem, consist, is, feel, possess)
- He looks handsome.
- He is a naughty.
- The kids became happy.
- His problems seem complicated.
- The movie is interesting.
- That idea was good.
- She feels sad.
- The shirt is yellow.
- The soldier is brave.
- The rotten food tastes bad.
- She was angry.
Click to read three degrees of adjectives: 1. Positive Adjective, 2. Comparative Adjective, 3.Superlative Adjective