English Basics

What is Verb?

What is Verb?

A verb is a word that expresses a state or an action of something.

e.g. Go, Write, come, run, play, eat, weep, read, catch, clean, drink, walk,  speak, cut, hold.


She is driving a car.

In the above sentence, the word ‘drive’ is a verb because it tells about an action being done by the subject (she) of the sentence. It tells what is being done – the action.

Most of the verbs express the action of something but a few verbs also express a state of something.

The verbs which tell about the action of something are called dynamic verb. e.g. go, come, play, run, eat, drink etc.


  • She is singing a song.                       (expresses an action)
  • He is laughing at a joker.                  (expresses an action)
  • The kids are making a noise.           (expresses an action)

One the other hand, those verbs which tells about a state of something, are called stative verbs. e.g. seem, resemble, consist of, belong to, be, impress, surprise.


  • He seems a nice man.                      (expresses a state)
  • She resembles her sister.                 (expresses a state)
  • She belongs to a noble family.        (expresses a state)

A few verbs can be used both as dynamic as well as a stative verb.


  • He looks very handsome.             (‘look’ used as stative verb)
  • He looked at the door.                   (‘look’ used as dynamic verb)

Forms of Verb

There are three forms of verbs depending upon its usage in sentence according to the tense.

  1. Base Form           (1st Form)
  2. Past Simple         (2nd Form)
  3. Past Particle        (3rd Form)


Base FormPast SimplePast Participle

Note: “-ing” attached to base form of a verb (i.e. laughing) is called present participle. e.g. run—running, drink—drinking, do—doing.

Formation of Past Simple and Past Participle Form

Verbs are divided into following two types depending on formation of its 2nd and 3rd forms.

  1. Regular Verbs
  2. Irregular Verbs

1⇒ Regular Verbs

A verb whose past-simple and past-participle are formed simply by adding ‘-ed’ to it, is called a regular verb.

VerbBase FormPast SimplePast Participle
To workWorkWorkedWorked
To lookLookLookedLooked
To dryDryDriedDried
To helpHelpHelpedHelped
To moveMoveMovedMoved

2⇒ Irregular Verbs

A verb whose past-simple and past-participle are formed in different ways (not by adding ‘-ed’) is called an irregular verb.

VerbBase FormPast SimplePast Participle
To SendSendSentSent
To buyBuyBoughtBought
To teachTeachTaughtTaught
To doDoDidDid
To flyFlyFlewFlown

  A few verb remains the same in all three forms (base, past-simple and past-participle).

VerbBase FormPast SimplePast Participle
To shutshutShutShut
To cutCutCutCut
To spreadspreadspreadspread
To readReadReadRead

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